можно ли получить грин-карту, открыв бизнес в сша

Сколько стоит получить грин-карту?

Правительственные сборы за получение семейной грин-карты составляют $3005 для заявителя, проживающего в Соединенных Штатах, или $1340 для заявителя, проживающего за пределами Соединенных Штатов. В эту сумму не включен типичный стоимость обязательного медицинского обследования, которая может варьироваться в зависимости от провайдера.

Стоимость Грин-Карты Увеличится 1 апреля 2024 года

31 января 2024 года USCIS подтвердило, что сборы за подачу различных иммиграционных форм увеличатся 1 апреля 2024 года. Стоимость повысится почти для каждой категории виз, включая грин-карты. Отдельное заявление на грин-карту, форма I-485 (Заявление на получение постоянного жительства или изменение статуса), повысится с $1225 до $1440, наряду с другими увеличенными сборами за подачу. Чтобы рассчитать ваши издержки на грин-карту в 2024 году, ознакомьтесь с руководством от Boundless.

Можно ли получить грин-карту, открыв бизнес в сша

Boundless Essential предлагает исключительный сервис без высокой цены. Здесь нет скрытых издержек. Получите неограниченную живую поддержку от опытной команды и полное оформление заявления за фиксированную плату.

Обязательные Государственные Сборы за Грин-Карты

Тип сбораСтоимость (для заявителя, проживающего в США)Стоимость (для заявителя, проживающего за пределами США)
Заявка на Спонсорство Семьи (I-130)$675$675
Заявка на Грин-Карту (I-485)$1440Не требуется
Финансовая Форма Поддержки (I-864)$0$120
Заявка на Разрешение на Работу (I-765) (опционально)$260Не требуется
Заявка на Разрешение на Путешествие (I-131) (опционально)$630Не требуется
Биометрия (Отпечатки пальцев и фото)$85$0
Обработка Государственного ДепартаментаНе требуется$325
Государственный Сбор USCISНе требуется$235

*Средняя стоимость медицинского обследования составляет около $200, но эта сумма может значительно варьироваться в зависимости от провайдера. Клиенты Boundless сообщили о ценах от $100 до $500. Наше подробное руководство по подготовке к медицинскому обследованию содержит больше информации.

Также обратите внимание, что эти государственные сборы оплачиваются одновременно только в том случае, если вы являетесь супругом или ближайшим родственником гражданина США и проживаете в Соединенных Штатах. В других ситуациях эти сборы будут оплачены на протяжении нескольких месяцев в разные этапы процесса получения грин-карты.

Вы можете воспользоваться калькулятором от USCIS, чтобы помочь вам определить, сколько вам нужно будет заплатить.

Другие Потенциальные Издержки

Помимо прямых государственных сборов и платы за медицинское обследование, стоит учитывать другие издержки на оформление грин-карты:

Сборы за вакцинацию: Если ваше медицинское обследование потребует этого, вам может потребоваться обновить вакцинацию перед получением завершенного медицинского заключения. Как и сборы за медицинское обследование, стоимость вакцинации будет варьироваться в зависимости от провайдера.

Сборы за перевод документов: Если ваш пакет заявления на грин-карту включает какие-либо документы на другом языке, кроме английского, вам также необходимо будет предоставить перевод каждого документа, подтвержденного как точный переводчиком. Стоимость этих услуг будет варьироваться — например, сертифицированный перевод одностраничного свидетельства о рождении может стоить от $20 до $40.

Сборы за документы: В ходе процесса подачи заявки на грин-карту вам потребуется представить цифровые или физические копии подтверждающих документов, таких как свидетельство о рождении, свидетельство о браке и паспорт. Вы и ваш супруг также должны принести оригиналы при прохождении окончательного интервью на получение грин-карты (либо в Соединенных Штатах, либо в посольстве или консульстве США за рубежом). В правительственных учреждениях обычно взимаются платы за выдачу некоторых официальных документов.

Сборы за профессиональную фотосъемку: Для проверки вашей личности и проведения проверки на фон фоне, власти США потребуют от вас предоставить две недавние фотографии размером 2 на 2 дюйма, стоимость которых будет варьироваться в зависимости от провайдера услуг. Хотя вам разрешается сделать снимки самостоятельно, обычно целесообразно воспользоваться профессиональной услугой по фотосъемке, и многие аптеки предоставляют фотографии в стиле паспорта по относительно низкой цене.

Расходы на поездки: Когда вы посещаете прием биометрических данных, интервью на грин-карту и медицинское обследование, правительство США не возмещает вам расходы, связанные с поездками в эти места. То же самое относится к случаям, когда вам приходится ехать в различные правительственные учреждения для получения официальных документов.

Стоимость доставки: На различных этапах процесса подачи заявки на грин-карту вам придется платить символические сборы за почтовые услуги и отправку вашей заявки и подтверждающих документов.

Boundless может помочь вам спланировать каждый шаг процесса, начиная с заполнения форм и заканчивая вашим иммиграционным интервью. Мы даже поможем вам оплатить ваши сборы USCIS постепенно, предоставив гибкую опцию плана оплаты. Начните сегодня!

Методы оплаты сборов за грин-карту

При оплате сборов за грин-карту доступны следующие методы:

Как сэкономить на расходах на грин-карту

Помимо перечисленных в этой статье сборов, существуют дополнительные затраты, связанные с началом новой жизни в другой стране, такие как расходы на поездки, почтовые расходы и другие. Ниже приведен список нескольких способов сэкономить на общем процессе получения грин-карты.

Экономия при подаче онлайн

USCIS предоставляет скидку в $50 при подаче онлайн. Это означает, что вы заплатите на $50 меньше, чем обычная плата за подачу, если подадите ваши формы на получение грин-карты онлайн, а не по почте.

Бюджет

Подготовьтесь заранее, составив список всех предполагаемых расходов, связанных с вашей заявкой на грин-карту. Создайте бюджет, включающий эти расходы, чтобы уменьшить неопределенность на протяжении процесса. Рассмотрите следующие статьи затрат, такие как оплата за помощь юриста (если применимо), административные сборы, связанные с процессом (например, медицинские экзамены), расходы на перевод (при необходимости), сборы за фотографии и расходы на поездки туда и обратно к посольству (для заявок, поданных из-за рубежа). Используйте инструменты бюджетирования, такие как Google Sheets или автоматизированные приложения, например Mint, для отслеживания ваших финансовых целей и получения советов по экономии.

Сравнение

Адвокаты против DIY против Boundless

Тип заявки

Стоимость подачи заявлений на получение грин-карты зависит от типа заявки и ваших конкретных обстоятельств. Чтобы минимизировать затраты, необходимо сравнивать сборы по различным типам заявок и идентифицировать потенциальные экономии. Например, получение грин-карты через процесс визы жениха K-1 будет дороже, чем получение грин-карты через процесс визы супруга CR-1.

Используйте помощь знакомых при переводе

Для перевода документов не на английском языке требуются официальные переводы. Однако нанять профессиональную службу переводов может быть дорого. Дешевле будет обратиться за помощью к компетентному другу или члену семьи, владеющему обоими языками. Они могут предоставить заявление о своем владении языком, точный перевод и указать свое имя, адрес, подпись и дату. Этот подход значительно снизит расходы на перевод.

Избегайте ненужных расходов

Будьте внимательны к избеганию излишних трат, таких как плата за ускоренную обработку или доставка срочной почтой. Хотя эти услуги могут быть полезны в определенных ситуациях, они также могут увеличить общие расходы по вашей заявке.

Узнайте о льготах по оплате

USCIS предлагает льготы по оплате некоторым малоимущим иммигрантам и освобождения на гуманитарных основаниях, таким как беженцы, ищущие убежище и жертвы домашнего насилия.

Скидки на заявки на иммиграционные льготы предоставляются домашним хозяйствам, зарабатывающим менее 150% от федерального уровня бедности.

Можно ли получить грин-карту, открыв бизнес в сша

Грин-карта, официально известная как постоянная карта жителя, представляет собой иммиграционный статус, который позволяет человеку постоянно жить и работать в Соединенных Штатах. Это также предвестник получения гражданства США через натурализацию. Соединенные Штаты Америки являются популярным местом назначения для иммигрантов со всего мира. Американское иммиграционное законодательство предусматривает различные способы миграции. В этой статье рассматривается как получить грин-карту через некоторые из самых распространенных путей.

Хотя есть более пяти способов получения постоянного жительства в Соединенных Штатах, мы предоставили обзор наиболее распространенных способов получения грин-карты. Это общие пути. У каждого из них есть свои категории допуска с уникальными требованиями.

Как получить грин-карту через семейную иммиграцию

Иммиграция через семью остается наиболее выдающимся путем для получения грин-карты. Конечно, наличие близкого родственника, который является гражданином США или постоянным жителем, является предпосылкой для этого пути к статусу постоянного жителя.

Для иммиграции через семью подходят только определенные типы родственных отношений. Это:

Есть также путь для женихов и невест граждан США, чтобы въехать в Соединенные Штаты с целью брака и изменения статуса на постоянного резидента. Семейная иммиграция может быть одним из самых быстрых путей получения виде на жительство. Помимо документирования квалифицирующего отношения, есть несколько требований для подтверждения прав на участие.

ГражданинПуть может помочь вашему члену семьи получить вид на жительство. Онлайн-сервис иммиграции подтверждает вашу квалификацию, облегчает подготовку заявлений, и мы даже гарантируем одобрение. Вы получите список поддерживающих документов для вашей конкретной ситуации и уверенность в том, что вы делаете все правильно.

Возможности получения виде на жительство через трудоустройство

Существует различные категории неиммиграционных и иммиграционных виз, связанных с трудоустройством. Неиммиграционные рабочие визы временные и не обеспечивают путь к статусу держателя виде на жительство. Однако они могут быть отличным ступенькой к другим возможностям, предлагающим постоянный статус. Иммиграционные визы предоставляют статус постоянного иммигранта в США в виде виде на жительство.

Есть пять основных категорий иммиграционных виз по трудоустройству:

Обычно вам понадобится американский работодатель, чтобы подать петицию за ваш постоянный статус. Эта организация спонсирует вас через процесс и, как правило, оплачивает сборы. Однако для лиц с необыкновенными способностями или значительными финансовыми инвестициями есть некоторые возможности самостоятельного спонсирования.

Получите вид на жительство через статус беженца/убежища

Беженцы и лица, обращающиеся за убежищем, стремятся иммигрировать, потому что они столкнулись с преследованиями или опасаются преследования в своих странах происхождения. Различие между беженцем и лицом, обращающимся за убежищем, в значительной степени заключается в месте, где они подают заявление. Иностранные граждане, находящиеся за пределами США, подают заявление на статус беженца. С другой стороны, люди, уже находящиеся на границе или внутри США, могут обратиться за статусом лица, обращающегося за убежищем.

Беженец или лицо, обращающееся за убежищем, должно продемонстрировать преследование на основе одного из пяти защищенных оснований. Ситуации, которые могут квалифицироваться как преследование, включают: заключение и пытки политических диссидентов или предполагаемых нежелательных; стрельбу по протестующим; совершение геноцида против определенной расы; или обеспечение исключения членов определенной религии из политического процесса. Эти ситуации, как правило, квалифицируются для статуса беженца или лица, обращающегося за убежищем, если заявитель может доказать прошлое преследование или вероятное будущее преследование. Поиск лучших экономических возможностей не является основанием для убеженческого/беженческого заявления.

Individuals with a grant of refugee or asylum status may generally live and work in the United States. After a year of residence, they can typically apply for a green card if they continue to meet the definition of an asylee or refugee. Individuals who already have an asylum or refugee grant and want to make sure they’re doing everything correctly can use CitizenPath’s Adjustment of Status Package to apply for a green card.

Diversity Visa Program Path to U.S. Permanent Residence

For individuals who are not eligible through one of the paths described above, the most common way to migrate is through the Diversity Visa Program. This program is commonly called the green card lottery. The U.S. Department of State issues diversity visas to citizens of selected countries with a low number of immigrants to the U.S. in the past five years. The U.S. Congress makes 55,000 diversity visas available each year. However, the demand is still greater than the supply. Thus, there is a lottery process to select “winners.”

There is no cost to enter the Diversity Visa Program lottery. If you are being asked to pay a fee, make sure you are on the official website (dvprogram.state.gov). There are many unaffiliated sites that claim to apply for you and improve you chances. However, no third-party can improve your odds of being selected.

Victims of Crime May Qualify for Visas

Certain victims of crime, human trafficking victims, and derivative family members may be eligible to get a green card through U.S. law. U visas and T nonimmigrant status may be made available to qualifying victims who assist with the prosecution.

To be eligible for these types of visas, the individual generally must have suffered a substantial physical or mental abuse as a result of being a victim. The individual also must assist law enforcement officials with the prosecution of that crime.

This is not a desirable way to get a green card. But it does provide some sense of security for foreign nationals victimized while in the United States. If you believe that you may qualify, contact an immigration attorney to describe your situation.

This is not an all-inclusive list of eligibility paths for permanent residence. It’s a summary of the most commons ways how to get a green card. If you are seeking a way to get a green card but can’t determine your eligibility, speak to an immigration attorney. An attorney can evaluate your situation and help you develop a strategy.

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on our immigration services

To live and work in the U.S. permanently, you will need a Permanent Resident Card (Green Card). Learn how to get one through consular processing if you are outside the U.S.

Learn if you are eligible for a Green Card

Your eligibility to get a Green Card depends on many factors. These include your employment plans and the citizenship status of a family member who would sponsor you.

Apply for a Green Card through consular processing

Apply for a Green Card from outside the U.S. through a U.S. Department of State consulate. This procedure is known as consular processing.

Learn how consular processing works, including:

Find out the cost of getting a Green Card

You will need to pay a visa application processing fee and an affidavit of support fee when you apply for an immigrant visa.

Have a question?

Ask a real person any government-related question for free. They will get you the answer or let you know where to find it.

How long does it take to get a green card?

The length of time it takes to get a green card varies depending on several factors, including the type of application you are submitting and USCIS processing times. A marriage green card or spousal visa, for example, can take anywhere from 13.5–40 months.

Even if you’re confident that you qualify for a family-based green card, you’re probably eager to finish the process and actually hold the green card in your hand. Unfortunately, family-based green cards are not issued overnight — applying for and receiving your green card takes time.

Boundless can help you apply faster and easier. Save 30+ hours on your green card application. Get started today!

Можно ли получить грин-карту, открыв бизнес в сша

Exactly how much time it takes depends on a number of factors, including what type of family relationship is the basis for your green card eligibility, whether your relative holds U.S. citizenship or legal permanent residence, where you are from, where you are applying for the green card as well as whether or not U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) has to ask for additional evidence while it is deciding your case. In this article, we’ll cover how long it takes to get a green card through family relationships. There are other ways to get a green card, such as through employment or as a refugee, but the process and timeline for getting a green card in those circumstances can be very different.

Keep in mind that USCIS processing times frequently change, but if you’d like to get an idea for how long you can expect to wait for your family-based green card, though, read on.

Start-to-finish timelines for family based green cards

The main factor in how long it takes to get a green card is how long you have to wait between filing the family relationship form and applying for the green card.

Spouses of U.S. citizens

If your spouse is a U.S. citizen and you currently live in the United States, it takes on average 10–23 months to get a marriage-based green card. Spouses of U.S. citizens living in the United States can file their I-130 and their I-485 at the same time (also known as “concurrent filing”).

If your spouse is a U.S. citizen and you currently live outside the United States, it takes on average 13.5–15 months to get a spousal visa.

Spouses of green card holders

Although the “Final Action Dates” are no longer current, the “Dates for Filing” are still current for the F-2A category, meaning spouses of U.S. green card holders can still file their green card applications. Even though spouses of green card holders can still apply, their cases will NOT be reviewed until their priority date is current. For Mexican applicants, the “Final Action Date” (or priority date) has dropped back to November 1, 2018, and for all other applicants, to September 8, 2020. This change is likely to have a negative impact on wait times for green cards of LPR-sponsored spouses. Boundless will continue to track this change closely — stay tuned for future updates on our monthly Visa Bulletin report.

Important update (March 24, 2023)

The April 2023 Visa Bulletin saw a significant change to the F-2A family-based category (for spouses of U.S. lawful permanent residents). Due to a growing backlog of cases in this category, the “Final Action Dates” for F-2A applications are no longer “current” for the first time in several years. *“Final Action Dates” refer to applications whose priority dates have reached the front of the line and can now be adjudicated.

Spouses of green card holders will have to wait for a green card to become available after their sponsor files form I-130 and before they can apply for a green card from either within the United States or at a U.S. consulate abroad. In most cases, it takes about two years for a green card to become available, and the entire process takes around three years. It can take slightly longer for citizens of Mexico, China, India, and the Philippines.

If your spouse is a green card holder and you currently live in the United States, then you will wait about 13.5–20.5 months to receive your green card.

If your spouse is a green card holder and you currently live outside the United States, then you will wait about 29–40 months to receive your green card.

Widows of U.S. citizens

Widows and widowers of U.S. citizens can apply for a green card as long as they apply within two years of their spouse’s death. The application process and timeline is similar to the marriage-based green card process for spouses of U.S. citizens, but instead of the I-130, family relationship form, widows and widowers will file Form I-360 (“Petition for Amerasian, Widow(er), or Special Immigrant”).

Parents of U.S. citizens

Like spouses of U.S. citizens, there is no limit on the number of green cards that can be given to parents of U.S. citizens. As a result, parents of U.S. citizens can usually get a green card 1-2 years of applying for a family-based green card.

Minor (under age 21) children of U.S. citizens

Like spouses and parents of U.S. citizens, there is no limit on the number of green cards that can be given to U.S. citizens’ children who are under 21 years old. Minor children of U.S. citizens can usually get a green card 1-2 years after starting the green card application process.

Minor (under age 21) children of green card holders

Minor children of green card holders will have to wait for a green card to become available after their sponsor files form I-130 and before they can apply for a green card from either within the United States or at a U.S. consulate abroad. Minor children of green card holders fall into the same category as spouses of green card holders, and so have a relatively shorter wait than other categories. In most cases, it takes about two years for a green card to become available, and the entire process takes around three years. It can take slightly longer for citizens of Mexico, China, India, and the Philippines.

Unmarried, adult children of U.S. citizens

Start-to-finish timeline: 7-8 years; 10+ years for citizens of the Philippines; 20+ years for citizens of Mexico

Adult children of U.S. citizens have to wait for a green card to become available after their U.S. citizen parent has filed the I-130 on their behalf. The wait can be substantial, especially for citizens of Mexico.

Unmarried adult children of green card holders

Start-to-finish timeline: 8-9 years; 10+ years for citizens of the Philippines; 20+ years for citizens of Mexico

Married adult children of U.S. citizens

Start-to-finish timeline: 13-14 years; 22+ years for citizens of the Philippines and Mexico

Siblings of U.S. citizens

Start-to-finish timeline: 14-16 years; 16+ years for citizens of India; 20+ years for citizens of Mexico; 24+ years for citizens of the Philippines

The bottom line

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Related Information

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In a Nutshell

Green card (lawful permanent resident card) processing times depend on several factors. There are several different green card categories. The two broadest are employment-based green cards and family-based green cards. Your green card category, your employment or family relationship that makes you eligible, and where you are applying from all impact how long it will take to get your green card. Backlogs with U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) also play a role. This article focuses on how much time it takes, on average, to get different types of family-based green cards. We will look at the application process from start to finish and include information on how to check your green card case status during the process.

Start-To-Finish Timelines for Family-Based Green Cards

The process of adjusting status and getting a green card can take some time. The total wait time varies based on each individual’s situation.

There are five main factors that influence family-based green card processing times:

Because these times can vary quite a bit in different categories, we’ll look at the average timeline to get a green card based on your relationship to the petitioner.

Remember: The beneficiary is the person who will receive the green card. The petitioner is the person who sponsors you when applying for the green card.

How Long Does It Take To Get a Marriage Green Card?

If you are filing an adjustment of status application to get a marriage-based green card, the processing time will depend on whether your spouse is a U.S. citizen or a U.S. permanent resident. It will also depend on whether you live in the United States or not.

If your spouse is a U.S. citizen and you currently live in the United States: It’s currently taking 18-22 months for USCIS to issue permanent resident cards. (Bookmark our Marriage Green Card Processing Time article for weekly processing time updates.)

This process tends to be the fastest because you can file Form I-130: Petition for Alien Relative and Form I-485: Application for Adjustment of Status at the same time. This process is called concurrent filing. You can also apply for a work permit and a travel document (known as Advance Parole) to use while you wait to receive your green card.

If your spouse is a U.S. citizen and you currently live outside the United States: It’s currently taking 12.5-26 months for USCIS and the NVC to issue marriage green cards. (Bookmark our Marriage Green Card Processing Time for Spouses Abroad article for weekly processing time updates.)

If your spouse has permanent resident status: It’s currently taking USCIS an average of 18 months to process Form I-130. Then you will have to wait additional time for a green card to become available for you. You will find out when your priority date appears in the U.S. Department of State’s Visa Bulletin.

After that, you can apply for a green card from within the United States or at a U.S. consulate abroad. It generally takes about two years for a green card to become available, and the whole process can take three years. It may take longer for citizens of Mexico, China, India, and the Philippines.

How Long Does It Take To Get Green Cards for Children?

For minor children of U.S. citizens (children under age 21): The entire process will generally take 10-13 months. There is no limit on the number of immigrant visas for children of U.S. citizens who are younger than 21. After beginning the immigrant petition process, they can usually get a green card in a year or less.

For minor children of green card holders: The process usually takes 23-38 months. They will have to wait for a green card to become available after their sponsor files Form I-130. They can apply for a green card within the United States or abroad. However, they fall into the same eligibility category as spouses of U.S. green card holders, so generally, the USCIS processing times are shorter.

On average, it takes about two years for a green card to become available and three years total to get permanent resident status. It may take longer for citizens of Mexico, China, India, and the Philippines because they have a much higher volume of green card applicants annually.

For unmarried, adult children of U.S. citizens: The process may take 7-8 years. However, one disclaimer — if you are a citizen of the Philippines, it may take 10+ years. If you are a citizen of Mexico, it may take 20+ years. Adult children of U.S. citizens must wait for a green card to become available after their parent files Form I-130. The backlog can be significant.

For unmarried, adult children of green card holders: The process may take 8-9 years. However, if you are a citizen of the Philippines, it may take 10+ years, and if you are a citizen of Mexico, it may take 20+ years.

For married, adult children of U.S. citizens: The immigrant visa application process may take 13-14 years. However, if you are a citizen of the Philippines or Mexico, it may take 22+ years.

How Long Does It Take To Get a Green Card for Widows of U.S. Citizens?

For widows of U.S. citizens, the process may take 10-13 months. Generally, widows and widowers can apply for immigrant status within two years of their spouse’s death. The processing time for widows is similar to the processing time it takes for spouses of U.S. citizens. However, instead of filing Form I-130, you should file Form I-360: Petition for Amerasian, Widow(er), or Special Immigrant.

If your spouse already filed an I-130 petition for you that got approved before they died, you won’t have to file Form I-360. You just have to inform USCIS of your spouse’s death, so they process the rest of your application as a widow(er).

How Long Does It Take Parents of U.S. Citizens To Get a Green Card?

For parents of U.S. citizens, the process usually takes 10-13 months. There is no limit on the number of green cards issued in this category. Therefore, you can generally get a green card based on your parent relationship within one year.

How Long Does It Take Siblings of U.S. Citizens To Get a Green Card?

The process usually takes 14-16 years for siblings of U.S. citizens. However, it depends on your home country:

Only parents, spouses, and minor children categories of green cards have no annual limits.

How To Check Your Green Card Application Status

To check your immigration application status, you need to know which USCIS field office or service center is processing your application. This is usually the same as the office you send your application to, but sometimes USCIS does transfer cases to a different office. If this happens, you should receive an official notice via mail from USCIS.

If you submitted your application from inside the United States, it should be with U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). You can check your status online using USCIS’s case status tracker tool or you can call the USCIS National Customer Service Center at 1-800-375-5283.

What if You Are Applying While Outside of the U.S.?

If you are outside of the United States when you apply for your green card, you’ll use consular processing. In that case, USCIS will first process your application and then send it to the U.S. Department of State’s National Visa Center (NVC). From there, NVC will send it to the U.S. embassy or consulate nearest you.

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Green Card Processing Times

A green card is an identification document (permanent resident card) that proves you have the right to live permanently in the U.S. Your green card application may be processed between 7 to 33 months.

The types of green cards include family-based green card, marriage-based green card, employment-based green card and returning resident immigration visa. The type of green card you are applying for, the location of the processing office, and other factors will all affect how quickly your application is processed.

However, within 30 to 90 days of arriving in the country, immigrants who had their green cards authorized before coming to the U.S. should receive them in the mail. It’s possible for U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) to wait up to 120 days to mail the green card, although it’s quite uncommon for this to happen.

The 120-day window to mail your green card starts on the day you paid the filing fees. Not the day you entered the country, if you pay them after entering the country.

A separate timeline applies to immigrants who apply for a green card through adjustment of status while already present in the country. The USCIS officer conducting your green card interview should notify you at the conclusion of the interview whether your application has been approved or denied, but this rarely occurs.

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Overview

One of the most popular ways to become a U.S permanent citizen lawfully is by getting a family-based green card. The U.S green card is only issued to a limited number of people yearly, this is why its process is not as straightforward as people think.

Family-based green cards can be divided into two categories. They include the immediate relatives of U.S. citizens and the family preference category.

This second group (family preference category) consists of specific, more distant family members of U.S citizens and a select few of specific members of the family who are lawful permanent residents. There are four subgroups in it, F1, F2, F3, and F4.

Immediate Relative Green Card

For two major reasons, this category of family-based green card enjoys a higher preference over other categories. One of the reasons is that there is no annual limit as long as the sponsor and applicant are eligible. The other reason is that unlike other categories, immediate relative applicants need not to worry about the green card waiting queue.

As soon as the I-130 petition is received by the USCIS, the adjudication procedure begins. The green card will become available as soon as it is approved.

The immediate relative green card are categorized below:

Family Preference Green Card

Contrary to the immediate relative category, there are several limitations on these visas under the family preference category. The processing time for family-based green cards is greatly influenced by these limitations.

Family First Preference (F1)

This applies to American citizens’ unmarried sons and daughters as well as their younger children. Each year, 23,400 visas are granted to applicants in this category.

Family Second Preference (F2)

This applies to spouses, minor children, and sons and daughters (age 21 and older) who are not married to lawful permanent residents. Annually, 114,200 visas are granted, and spouses and children typically receive up to 77% of the family-based green cards under the category. Unmarried sons and daughters will receive the remaining space in the subcategory.

Family Third Preference (F3)

Married sons and daughters of citizens of the United States are eligible for this category, along with their spouses and minor children. The yearly limit is 23,400.

Family Fourth Preference (F4)

This applies to American citizens’ brothers and sisters, as well as to their spouses and minor children. The petitioner (a citizen of the U.S.) must not be below 21 years old. The yearly limit for this category is 65,000 visas.

What Are the Eligibility Criteria for Foreign Nationals – Family-Based Green Card?

You must demonstrate that you have a qualifying family relationship with your sponsor and that you won’t become a public charge after you enter the United States as a foreign national applying for a family-based green card. This means that until you can support yourself, your sponsor will provide your financial needs.

You must not have issues that might prevent you from entering the United States in addition to the requirements stated earlier. The issuing of visas to people whose presence may endanger the tranquility, health, or general well being of Americans is prohibited by U.S immigration law.

Some of the factors that can make you ineligible for the U.S green card includes:

Requirements for Family-Based Green Card

Visas are always easily accessible for applicants because there are no numerical limits for this category, which also guarantees a quick processing time of 9 to 13 months. The Immediate Relative (IR) beneficiary won’t need to wait in line for a visa number once the I-130 petition submitted by the petitioner (a U.S. citizen) is granted by the USCIS.

It should be noted that this category is only designed for spouses, unmarried children (under 21 years old), and parents of U.S. citizens. So, even if the child is less than 21, they will no longer be eligible for this category if they get married.

Processing Time for Other Family Members of U.S. Citizens [Family-Based Green Card]

While relatives of US citizens are given special treatment in the immigration processing system, individuals who do not fall under the description of “immediate relatives” must apply under a family preference category.

There is no immediate availability of visas for this group of people. The applicants will have to be patient until there is a visa number available for them when the I-130 is approved. This subcategory has a maximum 12 to 36 month wait time. Sometimes it could even take five to ten years.

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Processing Time for Family Members of Lawful Permanent Residents [Family-Based Green Card]

If you are a U.S. permanent resident, have a green card, you may petition for your spouse or unmarried children to become permanent residents of the United States. But unlike a U.S. citizen, a green card holder is not allowed to petition for siblings, parents, or married children permanent residency.

The family-based green card applicants may likewise encounter a lengthy processing period of up to 12 months or more. And in extreme circumstances, it might last for up to 10 years. Processing times may take much longer if your application is flawed or incomplete.

Family-based green card applicants can typically expedite the processing time by requiring the petitioner to correctly file the I-130 petition and provide all necessary paperwork. However, this will just impact the I-130 petition.

Beneficiaries who are F2A applicants have another choice. The process can be sped up if the sponsor becomes a citizen while they are still in queue for a green card. In this scenario, your sponsor must write to the National Visa Centre to declare that they are now citizens. This will open the door for the processing of your green card application as an immediate relative of a citizen of the United States.

However, there are things you should do to speed-up your green card process. They include:

When appropriate, you may request that your application be processed more quickly. To seek this, you must provide documentation of the emergency that justifies the expedited procedure as well as the necessary documents. For instance, someone who needs a family-based visa before they may enter the United States for a desperately required surgery may be eligible for an expedited procedure.

Know the Normal Timeline for Your Green Card or Visa

You should know the usual wait time for your green card. With this information, you’ll be able to tell when something is taking too long. After that, you can visit the relevant departments and inquire about the status of your case. You may even track the development of your application by looking at case processing times.

Preparing Your Green Card or Visa Application Carefully

One of the best pieces of advice you could ever receive is this – you have to make sure that everything is accurate and on time. Each form you submit must be filled out completely and accurately. If the information is incorrect, the USCIS will either request more information from you or, even worse, deny your application entirely. This will extend the time it takes for processing by several weeks, if not months.

Adjustment of Status and Immigrant Visa Applications

If you are already in the United States, you’ll need to petition the USCIS as soon as a visa number becomes available for you in order to change from your existing non-immigrant status to an immigrant permanent resident status.

To change your status and obtain your green card, you must submit Form I-485, Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status.

The processing time for the I-130 application submitted by your sponsor typically ranges from 6 to 12 months. The petition is handled by the USCIS in a first-come, first-served manner.

By turning in the application as soon as possible, your sponsor can hasten the procedure. The form must also be submitted correctly, with all necessary supporting documentation included.

The USCIS will send a Request for Evidence (RFE) notification if any documents are missing. Your application process will be delayed and take longer to process as a result of the documents needing to be submitted.

Immigration wait periods have risen in recent years. It’ll only be better for you to apply for your green card carefully to avoid unwarranted rejection.

There are currently millions of people waiting for green cards, and all signs point to the number continuing to rise. Besides that, processing times may take much longer if your application is flawed or incomplete.

You can also expedite the procedure and prevent delays with the aid of a family-based green card attorney guidance. This is why we recommend you reach out to our immigration lawyers.

They are experts at appropriately handling green card applications and advise you on the necessary things you’ll need to expedite your green card application process.

Last modified on May 18th, 2023 at 7:54 am

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Use the EB-1C visa to get your Green Card in as little as two years. For those who qualify, this is the shortest and most straightforward route to a Green Card. Executives and managers of multinational corporations that are moving to the United States are eligible for the EB-1C visa.

The primary prerequisite for DACA recipients is that they must be married to either legal permanent residents or citizens of the United States.

For a family-based green card, the government charges a filing fee of $1200 for those who live outside the United States and $1760 for those who apply from within the country. Notably, the price of the medical exam, which varies depending on the provider, is not included.

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