Лотерея грин-карт

What is a green card?

A green card allows a non-U.S. citizen to gain permanent residence in the United States. A green card is also sometimes referred to as a permanent resident card. Many people from outside the United States want a green card because it would grant them permanent resident status, which would allow them to live and work (lawfully) anywhere in the United States and qualify for U.S. citizenship after three or five years. Boundless has helped more than 100,000 people reach their immigration goals. We’ll be your visa planning partner from beginning to end. Get started today!

Sample Green Card / Permanent Resident Card

In this guide, we’ll cover:

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The Green Card Application

The green card application process will differ depending on if you are applying from within or outside the United States.

There are two main green card application forms:

Green card application (from within the US): Form I-485 (Application to Adjust Status). This form is used by those who are already in the U.S. on a nonimmigrant visa, have been selected for a diversity visa, or are eligible through family or employment.

Green card application (from outside the US): Form DS-260 (Immigrant Visa Electronic Application). This form is used by those who are seeking an immigrant visa from abroad, either through family, employer sponsorship or through the diversity visa program.

Not sure which visa is right for you? Take our free assessment to get a customized plan.

Green Card Timeline

The processing time for a permanent resident card is anywhere from a few months to many years, depending on the type of green card you’re applying for and where you’re applying from.

Applying from within the United States

For spouses and immediate relatives (parents and minor children) of U.S. citizens applying from within the United States through adjustment of status, the wait is currently 12.5-22.5 months. For spouses of U.S. green card holders, other relatives of U.S. citizens, and employment-based green cards, the wait can be much longer, typically two years or more.

Applying from outside the united states

For spouses and immediate relatives (parents and minor children) of U.S. citizens applying from outside the United States via consular processing, the wait is currently 13.5-15.5 months. All other green card categories are subject to country caps, and wait times vary dramatically.

For spouses of U.S. green card holders applying from outside the United States, the wait is currently – months.

Green Card Costs

For other green card categories, check the USCIS website for the cost of your particular form.

Proposed Green Card Cost Increase 2023

The government filing fees for a green card could increase significantly in 2023 if a proposal by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) is approved. Earlier this year, the agency announced plans to raise the application costs for most visa application types, including forms I-130 and I-485. In addition, those adjusting their status to a marriage green card will have to pay fees on those applications as well. All told, the cost Adjustment of Status process (with work and travel) could increase by 90% this year, while the spousal visa process will be less impacted. The proposed fees are not yet in effect.

Check out our USCIS fees guide for a full breakdown of the expected costs as well as updates on the government’s proposal.

Different Types of Green Cards

Types of Green Cards

There are many categories of green cards. The most common types are:

How to Get a Green Card

The process for getting a green card depends on which type you are applying for. Each of these is covered in detail below, starting with how to get a family-based green card.

Family-Based Green Card

IMPORTANT UPDATE (March 24, 2023):

The April 2023 Visa Bulletin saw a notable shift in the F-2A family-based category (Spouses and Unmarried Children (Under Age 21) of U.S. Green Card Holders). The “Final Action Dates” for these applications have stopped being “current” due to an increase in backlogs in the category. “Final Action Dates” refer to applications whose priority dates have reached the front of the line and can now be processed. However, these cases will NOT be adjudicated until the priority date is current. For Mexican applicants, the “Final Action Date” (or priority date) has retrogressed to November 1, 2018 and for all other applicants, the “Final Action Date” has retrogressed to September 8, 2020. This development is likely to lead to longer wait times for green cards under the F-2A category. Boundless will be paying close attention — check out our monthly Visa Bulletin report for future updates.

Close relatives of U.S. citizens and current green card holders may apply for family-based green cards of their own. Eligible family members include spouses, children, parents, and siblings (as well as the spouses and children of those spouses, adult children, and siblings).

Also included in this category are widows and widowers who were married to a U.S. citizen at the time the citizen died. Like spouses of living U.S. citizens and current green card holders who apply for a marriage-based green card, widows and widowers must prove that their marriage was authentic in order to receive a green card.

Many extended family members — cousins, aunts and uncles, and grandparents — do not qualify. They may apply for a permanent resident card only if they, too, have a closer relative who is a U.S. citizen or current green card holder (or qualify for one of the other types of green cards below).

Employment-Based Green Card

Within the employment-based green card category, multiple subcategories of workers can apply for a permanent resident card. In some cases, their spouses and children may qualify for a green card, as well.

*Extraordinary ability is demonstrated “through sustained national or international acclaim. Your achievements must be recognized in your field through extensive documentation,” according to U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).
**Exceptional ability refers to “a degree of expertise significantly above that ordinarily encountered” in your field.

Humanitarian Green Cards

For refugees and asylees

People who fear, or have experienced, persecution in their home country — because of their race, religion, nationality, political opinion, or membership in a particular social group — can seek protection in the United States by applying for a visa from abroad (to come as refugees) or from within the United States (to remain as asylees).

Once they have physically lived in the United States for at least one year since receiving refugee status or asylum, they may apply for a permanent resident card. Children and spouses (and in some cases, other family members) of refugees and asylees may also seek protection in the United States under these programs and eventually apply for a green card.

For human-trafficking victims

Victims of human trafficking who are living in the United States — whether lawfully or unlawfully (in other words, “undocumented”) — may apply for a T visa to stay in the United States for up to four years. As a condition of the T visa, however, they must help to investigate and prosecute perpetrators of human trafficking (unless the victim is under age 18, in which case they need not help with such efforts).

  • Three years since receiving a T visa
  • The duration of an investigation or prosecution of human trafficking

They must also meet other eligibility requirements. These include, for instance, demonstrating “good moral character” (meaning they have not committed certain crimes, such as fraud, prostitution, or murder) from the time they received a T visa until they’re approved for a green card. As another example, they must demonstrate to the U.S. government that they would suffer extreme hardship involving severe harm if they were required to leave the United States. (USCIS provides the full list of eligibility criteria.)

Certain family members will also be eligible to apply for their own green cards as long as both those relatives and the victim satisfy all requirements.

For crime victims

Victims of “substantial physical or mental abuse” who are living in the United States — whether lawfully or unlawfully (in other words, “undocumented”) — may seek protection by applying for a U visa. To obtain a U visa, the victim’s application must be certified by a law enforcement agency. Like recipients of T visas (see above), an applicant for a U visa must also agree to help investigate and prosecute people who commit certain crimes, such as kidnapping, sexual assault, and torture.

  • They must have physically lived in the United States for at least three years since receiving a U visa.
  • They must not have left the United States from the time they applied for a green card until USCIS has approved (or denied) their application.
  • They must not have refused to help investigate or prosecute certain crimes from the time they received a U visa until USCIS approves (or denies) their green card application.

The victim’s children, parents, siblings, and spouse will also be eligible to apply for their own green cards as long as both those relatives and the victim satisfy all requirements.

For abuse victims

Victims of domestic violence (battery or extreme cruelty) may apply for a green card that would allow them to seek relief through the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA). Although this law was created to benefit women, it applies to both women and men, and both parents and children, who are victims of abuse.

An abuse victim may apply for a permanent resident card on their own — without the knowledge or permission of their abusive relative, who can include:

  • A current or former spouse who is a U.S. citizen or green card holder
  • A parent who is a U.S. citizen or green card holder
  • A child who is a U.S. citizen

USCIS will not notify the abusive relative of the application in order to keep the victim safe. (Full eligibility requirements are detailed on the USCIS website.)

IMPORTANT: If you or someone you know is experiencing domestic abuse now, contact the National Domestic Violence Hotline right away at 1-800-799-7233 or 1-800-787-3224 (TTY). You’ll be able to talk with someone about available resources, such as shelters, mental health care, and legal assistance. The hotline also provides information about green cards through VAWA.

Diversity Lottery Green Card

Most lottery applicants live in their home countries at the time they cast their entries, but some already live in the United States under a different type of immigration status.

Longtime-Resident Green Card

Individuals who have physically lived in the United States — lawfully or unlawfully (meaning you were “undocumented”) — since January 1, 1972 may apply for a permanent resident card through a special process called “registry.”

  • They entered the United States before January 1, 1972, which they would need to prove by providing an I-94 travel record (officially called the “Form I-94 Arrival/Departure Record”).
  • They have not left the United States since arriving.
  • They have “good moral character,” meaning they have not committed certain types of crimes, such as fraud, prostitution, or murder (see more info on “Good Moral Character“).
  • They’re eligible for U.S. citizenship through naturalization.
  • They have not committed crimes that would make them “deportable” (able to be sent back to their home country). Examples of such violations include drug abuse, smuggling, and marriage fraud (marrying a U.S. citizen or green card holder to obtain a marriage-based green card).
  • They have not committed crimes that would make them “inadmissible” (meaning they cannot receive a green card). Examples of such violations include entering the United States unlawfully and staying more than six months in the United States with an expired visa.

Other Green Cards

The U.S. government issues many other types of green cards besides the ones discussed above. Some of these include permanent resident cards for “special immigrants,” including media professionals, religious workers, Afghanistan and Iraq nationals who have served the U.S. government under certain capacities, and other types of workers who have served in an international organization. Others include green cards for Cuban citizens and American Indians born in Canada.

USCIS provides a list of these other green card types and their eligibility requirements.

Boundless helps you build a tailored visa plan for every step of the green card process, from forms to your immigration interview. Get started today!


What is a permanent resident?

A permanent resident is a citizen of another country who is permitted to live and work lawfully in the United States.

Who can apply for a green card?

There are many different types of green cards, all with different eligibility requirements. For instance, relatives of U.S. citizens and green card holders can apply for a family-based green card.

How much does a green card cost?

The cost to obtain a green card depends on the type of green card you’re applying for. For example, the government filing fee for a family-based green card is $1760 for an applicant applying from within the United States, and $1200 for an applicant living outside the United States. However, the cost for most visa applications could go up in 2023. Boundless compiled a list of the expected fee increases, including updates on the government’s proposal.

After obtaining a green card, how long until I can apply for citizenship?

You may apply for U.S. citizenship if you have had a green card for five years (or three years for a marriage green card).

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of an immigration lawyer, not the price tag.

What is the Green Card Number?

sample green card

A green card seems pretty straightforward when you first look at it. That is, until you flip the card over and see 3 lines of 90 letters, numbers, and a whole slew of “less than” symbols on the back. Located within this string of characters is a lot of important information, including your green card number, which is unique to each green card holder.

In this guide:

Not sure if you qualify for a marriage-based green card?
Start by checking your eligibility.

Where is the Green Card Number?

The green card number — also known as the receipt number or the permanent resident number — is located on the bottom of the back of the card, in the first line of a long string of 90 characters. The less than symbols are there simply as space holders.

sample green card

Green Card Location

Boundless prints out all your forms and documents, assembled precisely how the government prefers. We mail the whole package to your doorstep, ready for you to sign and send to the correct government address. Ready to start?

Green Card Number Format

And then, finally, the green card number starts. This series begins with 3 letters, which indicate the service center which received the case for residency status:

CSC – California Service Center

EAC – Eastern Adjudication Center (now known as Vermont Service Center)

IOE – ELIS (efile)

LIN – Lincoln Service Center (now known as Nebraska Service Center)

MSC – Missouri Service Center (now known as National Benefits Center)

NBC – National Benefits Center

NSC – Nebraska Service Center

SRC – Southern Regional Center (now known as Texas Service Center)

TSC – Texas Service Center

VSC – Vermont Service Center

WAC – Western Adjudication Center (now known as California Service Center)

YSC – Potomac Service Center

After the service center code are two digits that represent the fiscal year the case was received. This might not match what your calendar says, because the U.S. government’s fiscal year runs from October 1 through September 30. As an example, this means a case received October 15, 2019 would have a fiscal year two digit code of 20.

The last 5 is your unique immigrant case number — the number of the approved case that resulted in a green card being granted to you.

Together this string is the format of the green card number. If the case number for the example above was 51423, the full green card number would read: NBC2004551423.

Looking at the sample card in the image, for the woman named Test V. Specimen, her green card number reads: SRC0000000001.

If you’re wondering about the rest of the numbers, the second line includes your birth date in year-month-date (YY/MM/DD) format, gender, expiration date of the card (YY/MM/DD), a country of birth and some space holders. The third line will contain your last name, first name, father’s first initial, mother’s first initial, and more space holders if needed.

Ready to start your marriage green card application?

Как узнать, что я выиграл?

Зайти на страницу лотереи на сайте Госдепартамента США и пройти по ссылке проверки результатов. Для участников лотереи DV-2017 проверить результаты можно с 3 мая 2016 года до 30 сентября 2017 года.

Что делать после выигрыша в DV?

Готовиться к интервью в посольстве США. Для начала на сайте Госдепартамента нужно заполнить форму DS-260 — иммиграционную визовую анкету. После — распечатать страницу подтверждения и взять её с собой на интервью, дата которого будет сообщена по электронной почте после заполнения анкеты.

Какие документы взять на интервью?

Паспорт, фотографии, диплом или другие документы об образовании, трудовую книжку, свидетельство о рождении, справку о несудимости (или решение судьи для ранее судимых), свидетельство о браке/разводе, военный билет, выписку из банковских счетов, оценку собственности, письмо работодателя, гарант материальной поддержки. Полный список документов и рекомендаций представлен на сайте посольства США в России.</p>

Оплата консульского сбора — 330 долларов США с человека.

Что делать после получения грин-карты?

При успешном прохождении собеседования вам будет дан срок в шесть месяцев для въезда на территорию США. Учитесь, занимайтесь спортом, интегрируйтесь, работайте — вы в стране свободы и неограниченных возможностей!

Я ещё успею поучаствовать в лотерее этого года?

Информация о датах приёма заявок на DV-2019 будет опубликована на сайте Госдепартамента США в ближайшее время.

Green card. It’s a term that is used often. But people don’t use the term very carefully. What does “green card” actually mean under the United State’s Immigration and Nationality Act?

“Green card” simply has no legal meaning whatsoever. Instead, it’s basically immigration slang. The problem is that people use it to refer to at least three immigration concepts. And these three concepts are very different from one another. Let’s have a look.

Green card meaning #1 – lawful permanent residency.

People most often use the term “green card” to refer to the concept of lawful permanent residency. A lawful permanent resident or LPR has the ability to live and work indefinitely in the United States. That means, unless the person does something to lose her status, she can live and work in the U.S. for as long as she wants. LPRs are still subject to immigration law, however. So if the person commits a crime, for example, she can be placed into deportation proceedings and lose her “green card.”

LPRs are also subject to restrictions on foreign travel. The purpose of this “green card” is to live in the United States. Under immigration law, if the person spends too much time outside of the country, the person is considered to no longer be a U.S. resident. As a general rule, the “green card” holder should not spend more than 6 months at a time outside of the United States.

How does someone get residency status? The most common route is through a family member. The process is different depending on whether the person is inside the United States already or applying from outside the United States. Additional routes include less common strategies like U-Visas for crime victims or VAWA petitions for abuse survivors. In limited situations, an employer may start the petition process. But this is generally limited to certain high-skill jobs.

Green card meaning #2 – work permit.

But there are many, many other forms of temporary work visas. Each of these is designated by a letter of the alphabet. So this is sometimes referred to as the “alphabet soup.” Some common examples of temporary visas include:

It is important to understand that there is no general line to “stand in” for a temporary work permit. The ability to apply is always tied to a particular work authorization category, such as the ones listed above.

Green card meaning #3 – U. citizenship.

This last use of the term “green card” is just completely wrong and totally misleading. But even lawyers sometimes don’t understand the difference between U.S. citizenship and lawful permanent residency. For most of our clients, the most important difference is that U.S. citizens are no longer subject to U.S. immigration law. That is, they can come and go from the U.S. as they please, and it’s almost impossible to lose status as a U.S. citizen. Citizens – but not residents – have the right to vote in federal elections. Once someone has become a citizen, they are considered a full member of our society. As we always tell our clients, once they become citizens they have exactly the same rights and responsibilities as any other American.

Conclusion – no more “green card

Instead of using the term “green card,” we encourage you to use the more accurate immigration concept. If you mean lawful permanent residency, say so. If you’re referring to temporary work authorization, be clear. This will help you communicate more clearly, whether to a lawyer or someone else. It also shows that you know what you’re talking about.

Лотерея грин-карт

Sound Immigration

All Sound Immigration attorneys are members of the American Immigration Lawyers Associations. They practice immigration law exclusively, focusing on helping families start new lives in the United States.

Грин-карта (Green Card) позволяет своему обладателю жить и работать в США. Существует несколько способов ее получить — брак, инвестиции или лотерея. Они различаются по сложности и скорости осуществления. В этой статье мы расскажем самое важное о Green Card — что это такое и чем отличается от гражданства.

О том, как десятки тысяч человек ежегодно выигрывают Green Card в лотерее, у нас есть отдельная статья.

Что такое грин-карта

Грин-карта — документ, которое подтверждает статус постоянного жителя (резидента) США.

Обладатель грин-карты имеет право:

Обязанности держателя грин-карты:

Срок действия грин-карты — 10 лет. Потом ее можно продлить.

Через 5 лет непрерывного проживания на территории США по грин-карте можно подать ходатайство о гражданстве.

Чем грин-карта отличается от гражданства

Обладатель грин-карты остается гражданином родной страны. Он поэтому не может принимать участие в референдумах, выборах или работать в государственных службах в США. Помимо этого для его родственников действует ограничение на въезд, в то время как члены семьи гражданина США получают визу на упрощенных условиях.

Получить гражданство сложнее, чем Green Card. Кандидат сдает экзамен на знание истории и культуры США, подтверждает уровень английского языка, доказывает свои положительные моральные качества и дает присягу. Чтобы получить грин-карту, никаких экзаменов сдавать не нужно, необязательно даже знать английский.

Но старания оправдываются — граждане США могут голосовать, путешествовать без визы в большинство стран мира и трудоустраиваться в федеральные агентства.

Студентов в обоих случаях могут получить государственные стипендии. В государственных вузах они платят цену in-state, которая ниже, чем для иностранцев.

Как получить грин-карту США

Подробнее о лотерее

Другие способы иммиграции

Документы для грин-карты

После одобрения заявки все кандидаты проходят собеседование в посольстве США.

В 2021 году все консульства США на территории России прекратили свою работу, поэтому пройти интервью в РФ нельзя. Победителям лотереи назначают собеседование в посольстве США в Польше.

Однако здесь есть еще одна сложность. Польша не выдает визы россиянам, и въехать туда можно только по уважительной причине.

Чтобы обойти запрет вы можете сначала отправиться, например в Германию, а оттуда уже вылететь в Польшу. Либо попросить перенести интервью в другую страну — например, Сербию.

Дополнительные документы
  • Свидетельство о рождении кандидата;
  • свидетельства о завершении предыдущих браков;
  • документы для приемных детей — свидетельство об усыновлении / удочерении, удостоверение опекуна и другие;
  • свидетельство о регистрации компании и инвестициях — для грин-карты на основании инвестиций;
  • документ, подтверждающий регистрацию доставки визовых документов (IV Delivery Confirmation page).

Консульство может запросить другие документы в зависимости от страны / индивидуального случая кандидата, а также их заверенные копии.

Green Card allows its holder to live and work in the United States for an unlimited time. There are several ways to get it, and they all vary in complexity and time consumption. One of the most interesting ways is through the lottery held between millions of foreigners. In this article, we will tell you the most important things about the Green Card and how tens of thousands of people win it in the lottery every year.

Advantages of obtaining a Green Card through the lottery
  • Free participation;
  • The right to transport a spouse and children;
  • Low requirements: having secondary education and living in countries with low rate of immigration to the United States.
Disadvantages of obtaining a Green Card through the lottery
  • Minor errors in the application lead to disqualification;
  • Winning the lottery does not guarantee immigration — for this, you need to go through a series of committees and interviews, and confirm financial solvency;
  • High fees at every stage of registering immigration documents for winners;
  • Lack of government assistance for relocation, adaptation, and job search;
  • Low probability of winning — about one percent.

What is a Green Card

The owner of a Green Card is considered a permanent resident of the United States — they have the right to work, study and use a limited set of services from the government. In addition, all cardholders can receive a driver’s license, own property in the country, get discounts on tuition and borrow loans on preferential terms. After five years of living in the country, a permanent resident can apply for US citizenship, and after ten — for retirement benefits.

How a Green Card differs from citizenship

Despite the fact that the cardholder lives in the country without time limits, the list of their social benefits is limited. They remain a citizen of their home country, cannot take part in referendums, elections, or work in government services. In addition, there are restrictions on entry for relatives, while family members of a US citizen receive a visa under simplified conditions.

It is more difficult to obtain citizenship than a Green Card — a candidate takes an exam on knowledge of history and culture, proves their high moral qualities, and takes an oath. The Immigration Service conducts an interview and tests candidates for basic English reading, writing, and speaking skills. But the efforts are worth it — the citizen gets the right to vote, travel without a visa to most countries of the world, and apply for employment in federal agencies. Moreover, students have access to all state scholarships and can leave the country without fear of being deported upon returning.

How to get a Green Card

You can get a Green Card in different ways. Below are the main ones.

  • Family reunification. For close relatives of a US citizen and their family members — siblings and children;
  • Employment. After an American employer officially confirms that they are ready to hire you, you receive a Green Card. The important conditions are a higher education degree and relevant work experience;
  • Programs for talented people. This method is suitable for winners of international competitions, scientists who have made discoveries, recognized artists, and others. To receive a Green Card, you must confirm that you intend to continue your professional activities in the United States;
  • Investment. Five years after investing at least 900,000  in a company in the United States, you get the right to apply for citizenship. Funds must be obtained legally, and the company has to employ at least ten people;
  • Winning the diversification lottery. It has been held since 1995 by the US Department of State. To participate, a candidate’s portfolio must match several simple criteria. More about them in the next section.

Other methods of immigration

Лотерея грин-карт

Green Card lottery

US government allocates 55,000 Green Cards annually to diversify the nation’s ethnic composition. The Diversification Lottery is meant for the residents of countries with low rates of immigration to America. The US Department of State deliberately distributes a different number of free Green Cards between countries. For example, the maximum possible number of winners from Latvia is 64, and from Russia — 2290. Each application has an equal chance of winning — the computer selects the lucky ones at random. Winning does not oblige you to do anything, but it lets you apply for an immigrant visa, and then for a Green Card after entering the United States.

Who can participate in the Green Card lottery

To participate in the lottery, you must fulfill several simple conditions:

  • Live in a state that is allowed to participate in the lottery. The list is updated annually. Usually, residents of Canada, Mexico, Great Britain, and India do not participate in the lottery. When filling out the application, you may encounter some nuances. For example, Crimea belongs to the consular district of the US Embassy in Kyiv, and residents of the city apply for an immigration visa in Ukraine, despite being Russian citizens. Similar specificities may apply to other regions of the world. Therefore, check the information in advance;
  • Complete secondary education or have two years of work experience that meets a number of conditions. It is not enough just to find employment — you must work in your specialty and have at least two years of professional education. Use the site O*NET to see if you qualify for this criterion;
  • Obtain a foreign passport. If the application form is issued for the whole family, then at least the main applicant must have a passport.
How to evaluate the experience of working on the O*NET site
  • Go to the appropriate section;
  • Choose your specialization;
  • View specifications in Job Zone and SVP:

    • Job Zone assesses how long it takes to master a profession. The minimum score is 1 (no need to study), the maximum is 5 (a serious level of education is required);
    • SVP — Specific Vocational Preparation. The term applies to those who do not have secondary education. With SVPs, you prove that you have learned the necessary skills in practice. If over the last five years you have worked for two years in positions from 7.0 on SVP, then you can participate in the lottery.
  • Consider the minimum requirements:

    • Job Zone: 4 or 5;
    • Specific Vocational Preparation: from 7.0.
Which countries cannot participate in the lottery

Lottery winners and entrants are not required to prove their level of English. Even those who do not know a word in a foreign language can receive a Green Card.

How much does it cost to participate in the Green Card lottery

An application for participation is free. But it is pointless to start the immigration process without sufficient financial resources. The winners pay visa fees and otherwise prepare the documents — only these procedures cost about 1,000  per person. Also, a candidate for a Green Card needs to prove the financial solvency to fly to and live in the country.

How to increase the chances of winning the Green Card lottery

Every year, about five million people participate in the lottery, and only 55 thousand win. This means that the chance of winning is approximately 1.1%. But it is worth remembering that the department issues a different number of cards to countries. Therefore, residents of one state have a slightly greater chance than others.

If you have an official spouse or unmarried children under the age of 21, you can increase your chances of winning the lottery by registering them in it as well. They automatically receive a Green Card along with the winner.

Applications from a married couple are considered separately, so the probability of getting on the list of winners is doubled. If you lose, and your spouse wins, then you can still immigrate to the States together. But if an adult child wins the lottery, they cannot take their parents along.

You can enter the lottery an unlimited number of times. Although the amount of attempts does not affect the likelihood of winning the lottery the next year, everyone has a chance to try their luck again.

Addressing agencies and consultants to improve the chances of winning is regarded as fraud. At the same time, the Department of State does not prohibit using their services if you just need help filling out an application.

The future of the Green Card lottery

Immediately after coming to power, Joe Biden carried out reforms to increase the number of Green Cards — annually, 35% more migrants will come to the country. This also applies to the lottery, which was not halted even during the pandemic. According to the president’s plans, instead of the usual 55 thousand, the government will distribute 80 thousand Green Cards.

Lottery participants’ errors

  • Getting scammed. Participants in the Green Card lottery might encounter scammers. For this reason, the lottery drawing and publication of its results are carried out only online and only on the official website. Lottery representatives do not contact the participants, apart from sending automatic notifications about the need to check the status of the application.

    Below we attach tips on how not to become a victim of scammers:

    • To submit an application and check the results, use only the official website — dvlottery.state.gov;
    • Do not reply to emails or paper letters, do not disclose your details, including information from the confirmation page;
    • Remember that participation in the lottery is free and does not involve any fees;
    • For information, use the US government websites within the .gov domain: travel.state.gov, ru.usembassy.gov, and dvlottery.state.gov.
    • Violation of the application form. Even minor violations of the requirements lead to disqualification. For example, an incorrect format of the photo: a non-monocolored background, poor quality, incorrect head position, and the presence of shadows. You can check if yours meets the requirements on this site.
Examples of correct and incorrect photos in the application

Other possible violations:

  • Filing more than one application in the same year. Even if you find a typo in the first form, do not try to submit the second — you will be automatically disqualified. If you win, you will be able to explain the error during the interview;
  • Stating incorrect information. At the first stage, the authenticity of the information is not verified — this happens immediately after the victory. If you have changed two letters in the first name, last name, date of birth, or made minor typos in other places, this will not be a problem. But bigger mistakes will get you disqualified;
  • Incomplete information about the spouse and children. If you entered inaccurate information about family members, you will most likely be denied a visa. Errors include both withholding information and listing non-relatives. Be especially careful with your marriage documents — only the official prenups or divorce papers are valid, not your plans.

Enter a university abroad

Лотерея грин-карт

How to get a Green Card through the lottery

In this section, we will describe the basic steps: from submitting an application to obtaining a Green Card.

Registration for the Green Card lottery

Taking part in the lottery is simple: complete a free online registration on the only official website. You have 60 minutes to fill out the form. If the system refuses to accept the application, try downloading it again. When registration is complete, the candidate is formally notified of participation. You cannot apply again, or you will be disqualified.

Do not apply through other platforms. You run the risk of facing scammers who steal your data and money.

When to apply

Applying for a US immigrant visa

So, you won the lottery. What to do after winning?

  1. Send an application for a visa. The lottery winner is eligible for an immigration visa. You need it to enter the United States and get a Green Card. Application Form DS-260 is necessary to be submitted as soon as possible after winning, as the number of entry permits is limited. Just for the consideration of your application, you will have to pay 330 . The visa itself is received within a year after the victory. After going through all the bureaucratic procedures, you must pay an immigration fee of 220 .
  2. Undergo a medical examination at a clinic accredited by the US Embassy. The appointment is made 2 weeks in advance. Applicants for immigrant visas are required to complete a number of vaccinations. Vaccination should be done as early as possible, since the process may be delayed depending on the individual situation.
List of vaccines for immigrant visa
  • Hepatitis A;
  • Hepatitis B;
  • Flu;
  • Hemophilic fever type b (Hib);
  • Measles;
  • Meningococcal infection;
  • Piggy;
  • Pneumococcal vaccination;
  • Whooping cough;
  • Polio;
  • Rotavirus vaccination;
  • Rubella;
  • Diphtheria and tetanus;
  • Chickenpox.
  1. Confirm financial solvency. The USA admits only financially secure immigrants with the expectation that they will not burden the state. For this reason, when moving, you should rely only on yourself and closely monitor changes in legislation. America does not help immigrants with accommodation, job search, and getting settled. That is why the candidate is required to confirm as firmly as possible that they will not become a loafer. On the other hand, some immigrants take advantage of social support programs: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families and Supplemental Security Income programs.
Proof of funds

Your income must be at least 13,750 /year. You can confirm the availability of finances using:

  • Bank statements;
  • Deeds for movable and immovable property (it is not recommended to sell property before obtaining a visa, however);
  • Confirmation of sponsorship from a friend/relative who is a US citizen/permanent resident;
  • Contracts with an employer in the United States.

Green Card documents

  • Foreign passport, valid for at least 6 months by the time of the expected date of entry into the USA;
  • General civil passport;
  • Documents of education (certificate, diploma);
  • Work experience certificate (work record book);
  • Marriage certificate;
  • Military service certificates, if the candidate has served (for example, military ID);
  • Relevant certificate of criminal record;
  • Medical examination results, vaccination certificate;
  • Confirmation of financial solvency.
Full list of documents
  • Candidate’s birth certificate;
  • Two photographs in the established format;
  • A printed confirmation page for completing the DS-260 form;
  • Certificates of completion of previous marriages (divorce/death certificates, court decisions);
  • Documents for adopted children (certificates of adoption, guardian’s certificate, and others);
  • Document confirming the submission of visa documents (IV Delivery Confirmation page);
  • Certified copies of court decisions and testimonies from places of detention with translations, if the candidate had been charged with any crime (even if they were acquitted later);
  • Other documents depending on the country/individual case of the candidate and certified copies of some documents on demand.

U.S. Embassy interview

The interview is the last step in the immigration visa process. You bring all documents, including an invitation to interview and proof of payment of all required fees. The family members listed on your application must be present for the interview. They can complete this stage separately if they plan to fly to the United States later than you.

Possible reasons for refusing a US visa
  • Insufficient funds for travel and accommodation in the United States;
  • Incomplete package of documents;
  • Forged documents for obtaining a visa (in this case, you will get a lifetime entry ban);
  • Illegal stay in the United States (travel ban from 3 to 10 years);
  • Criminal history related to drugs, human trafficking, and other crimes (lifetime travel ban).

Responsibilities of the Green Card holder

  • Pay taxes on time. For tax evasion, you lose your Green Card.
  • Do military service. All men from 18 to 26 years old are registered with the military.
  • Stay in the United States for most of the year. You can travel abroad, but such trips should not be longer than a year. Otherwise, immigration officials will decide that you do not need a Green Card. Then you will have to prove your connection with America in court. The deprivation of the card can be avoided if in the States you have real estate, work, and family.
  • Notify about the change of address. Within ten days after moving, you must notify the Immigration Service about this.
  • Comply with the laws of the United States. After committing a crime, a person is punished and then deported to their homeland. A permanent resident is also relieved of the Green Card if they falsify information to obtain social benefits. For example, pretend to be a US citizen or enter into several marriages at the same time.

Лотерея грин-карт (Diversity Visa Lottery) — специальная программа Госдепартамента США. В рамках нее ежегодно разыгрывают 55 тысяч грин-карт, чтобы разнообразить национальный состав страны. Каждая заявка имеет равные шансы победить — счастливчиков выбирают случайным образом.

В этом материале расскажем про лотерею, процесс подачи заявки и что делать в случае победы. О том, что такое грин-карта, какие преимущества она дает и как ее можно получить, у нас есть отдельная статья.

Победа в лотерее не гарантирует, что вы получите грин-карту. Все отобранные кандидаты должны собрать пакет документов и пройти интервью в консульстве. На нем иммиграционный офицер примет окончательное решение.

Преимущества получения грин-карты через лотерею
  • Бесплатное участие. За саму заявку не нужно платить, пошлину потребуют уже за саму грин-карту в случае выигрыша.
  • Можно взять с собой супругов и детей. Более этого, зарегистрировав членов семьи в лотерее, вы повышаете свои шансы на победу.
  • Невысокие требования. Для заявки достаточно среднего образования и гражданства страны с низким уровнем иммиграции в США.
  • Неограниченное количество попыток. Участвовать в лотерее можно сколько угодно раз, это никак не влияет на вероятность выигрыша.
Недостатки получения грин-карты через лотерею
  • Строгие требования к оформлению. Незначительные ошибки в оформлении заявки приводят к дисквалификации.
  • Низкая вероятность выигрыша. Всего около 1% подавших заявку получают приглашение на интервью.
  • Не гарантирует иммиграцию. В случае выигрыша все равно нужно собрать документы, пройти интервью, оплатить все необходимые сборы и подтвердить наличие средств для проживания. На любом из этих этапов вам могут отказать в грин-карте.
  • Дорогое оформление. При бесплатном участии в лотерее, оформление самой грин-карты обойдется примерно в 1 000 .
  • Адаптация. Во многих штатах вам никак не помогут с переездом, адаптацией и поиском работы.

Кто может участвовать в лотерее грин-карт

Участник лотереи должен выполнить несколько простых условий:

Какие страны не могут участвовать в лотерее

В 2024 году заявки от граждан России и Беларуси принимаются.

Но есть и исключения. Например, граждане стран, которые не участвуют в конкурсе, могут подать заявку, если их супруги родом из разрешенной страны.

Как оценить опыт работы на сайте O*NET
  • Перейти на нужный раздел;
  • Выбрать свою специальность;
  • Посмотреть характеристики Job Zone и SVP:

    • Job Zone оценивает, сколько нужно учиться, чтобы освоить профессию. Минимальный балл — 1 (не нужно готовиться), максимальный — 5 (потребуется серьезный уровень подготовки);
    • SVP — Specific Vocational Preparation. Пункт относится к тем, у кого нет среднего образования. С помощью SVP вы доказываете, что получали навыки сразу на рабочем месте. Если за последние 5 лет вы 2 года отработали на должности от 7.0 по SVP, то вы можете участвовать в лотерее.
  • Учесть минимальные требования:

    • Job Zone: 4 или 5;
    • Specific Vocational Preparation: от 7.0.

Ни для участия в лотерее, ни для оформления грин-карты не нужно подтверждать уровень английского. Часто документ получают даже те, кто не знает ни слова на иностранном языке. Однако стоит помнить, что интервью в Консульстве пройдет именно на английском либо на нем вам зададут несколько вопросов о ваших знаниях.

Сколько стоит участие в лотерее грин-карт

Участие в лотерее бесплатно. Но начинать процесс иммиграции совсем без денег бессмысленно. Победители оплачивают визовые сборы, медицинский осмотр и подготовку документов — только эти процедуры стоят около 1 000  на человека.

Также кандидату на грин-карту необходимо доказать, что у него есть деньги на первое время в стране.

Лотерея грин-карт

Как повысить шансы на победу в лотерее грин-карт

Чтобы повысить шансы, можно зарегистрировать в лотерее супругов и детей до 21 года, не состоящих в браке. В случае победы одного грин-карты получит вся семья.

Заявки от женатой пары рассматриваются отдельно, поэтому вероятность оказаться в списке победителей увеличивается ровно вдвое. Если вы проиграли, а ваш супруг выиграл, то иммигрировать в Штаты вы все равно можете вместе. Но если в лотерее победит взрослый ребенок, он не может взять с собой родителей.

Участвовать в розыгрыше грин-карт можно неограниченное количество раз.

Будущее лотереи грин-карт

Сразу после прихода к власти Джо Байден предложил увеличить количество грин-карт на 35%. В том числе это касается лотереи. По планам президента, вместо 55 тысяч будут разыгрывать 80 тысяч грин-карт ежегодно.

Как получить грин-карту через лотерею

В этом разделе мы опишем основные шаги от подачи заявки на участие в лотерее до получения грин-карты.

Зарегистрироваться на лотерею

Поучаствовать в розыгрыше можно на единственном официальном сайте. Заявки обычно принимают осенью — примерно с октября по ноябрь.

На заполнение формы у вас есть час. После вы получите уведомление об участии в лотерее. С этого моменте нельзя подать еще одну заявку на то же имя — это приведет к дисквалификации.

Победителей определяют в течение 7 месяцев и публикуют результаты на этом же сайте. В случае победы вам на почту придет письмо-уведомление с инструкцией, что делать дальше.

Отправить заявку на иммиграционную визу

Она нужна, чтобы въехать в США и получить грин-карту. Вам нужно подать заявление формы DS-260 и прикрепить сканы необходимых документов.

Требования для участников в 2023 году пока неизвестны.

Это основной список документов, указанный на сайте Госдепартамента. В зависимости от страны и индивидуального случая кандидата, могут потребоваться дополнительные документы, например свидетельство о браке.

Также необходимо пройти медицинское обследование. Сделать это можно в аккредитованной Посольством США клинике и сделать все необходимые прививки. Их список также можно найти на сайте Госдепартамента.

Далее вас пригласят на интервью в посольство.

В 2021 году все консульства США на территории России прекратили свою работу, поэтому пройти интервью в РФ нельзя. Победителям лотереи назначают собеседование в посольстве США в Польше.

Однако Польша в 2022 году приостановила выдачу виз россиянам. Въехать туда можно только по уважительной причине. Вы можете сначала отправиться, например, в Германию, а оттуда уже вылететь в Польшу. Либо попросить перенести интервью в безвизовую страну — Сербию, Армению или Казахстан.

Пройти собеседование в посольстве США

Собеседование — последний этап в процессе получения иммиграционной визы. Именно на нем офицер принимает окончательное решение, разрешить вам въезд в США или нет.

С собой нужно взять все документы, результат медосмотра, а также распечатку страницы лотереи, где сказано, что вам назначили интервью. Если в заявлении на визу вы указывали членов семьи, они также должны присутствовать с вами в посольстве. За каждого необходимо заплатить консульский сбор — 330 .

В ходе беседы вас попросят рассказать о себе, опыте работы и учебы, финансовом состоянии, а также о планах по обустройству в США.

Возможные причины отказа на собеседовании
  • Недостаточно денег на счете или слишком низкий доход;
  • неполный пакет документов;
  • ошибки в документах, неправильный перевод, неверное оформление, истекший срок годности справок;
  • поддельные документы — в этом случае вас ждет пожизненный запрет на въезд в США;
  • криминальное прошлое или социально опасное поведение — аналогично, пожизненный запрет на въезд.

Прилететь в США и получить грин-карту

Грин-карту вам могут выдать только на территории США. Поэтому для въезда в страну необходима дополнительная виза. Саму карту пришлют в течение 2-4 недель на ваш американский адрес.

В среднем от победы в лотерее до получения конверта с Green Card проходит около года.

В большинстве штатов власти никак не помогают иммигрантам. Искать работу и обустраиваться придется самостоятельно. Но есть исключения. Например, в Калифорнии, есть программы поддержки для новых резидентов: бесплатные курсы английского, обучение востребованным специальностям, льготы на коммунальные услуги и продукты.

Однако лучше иметь финансовую подушку безопасности на случай, если добиться поддержки не получится. Либо переехать с помощью более надежного способа, например через учебу.

Другие способы иммиграции

Лотерея грин-карт

Частые ошибки участников лотереи

Как не стать жертвой мошенников

Если вы планируете участвовать в лотерее грин-карт, запомните несколько правил:

  • для подачи заявления и проверки результатов используйте только официальный сайт dvlottery.state.gov;
  • не отвечайте на электронные или бумажные письма, не разглашайте свои данные, в том числе информацию со страницы подтверждения (confirmation page);
  • участие в лотерее бесплатно и не предполагает сборов;
  • для получения информации используйте государственные сайты США с доменом .gov:

  • лучше отказаться от услуг агентств и посредников. Заявка интуитивно понятная, а количество попыток участия неограниченно. Ошибиться не так страшно, как попасться на уловки мошенников и потерять деньги.
Примеры правильной и неправильной фотографии в заявке

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